Born 1940 in Newark, New Jersey.
Elected by the General Assembly on February 25, 1995 to an eight-year term beginning June 1, 1995 to fill the vacancy created by the death of Bernard G. Barrow. Reelected January 21, 2003. Service terminated by retirement.
Elmira College, B.A., 1962
Yale University, M.A., 1967
American University, J.D., 1978
Other judicial service:
Hearing officer, Commonwealth of Virginia, 1979-1986.
Hearing officer, Fairfax County Civil Service Commission, 1980-1989.
Commissioner in chancery, Fairfax Circuit Court, 1988-1989.
Judge, Nineteenth Judicial Circuit, 1989-1995.
French teacher for public schools in Ramsey, New Jersey, 1962-1963, and Greenwich, Connecticut, 1964-1965.
Newspaper reporter and feature writer for The Montgomery Advertiser/Journal in Montgomery, Alabama, 1965-1968.
Private practice of law in Fairfax, Virginia, 1978-1986, and Vienna, Virginia, 1986-1989.
Adjunct professor of law, legal writing, and research at George Mason University, 1988-1990.
Elected, Journals of the Senate of Virginia, 1995 Regular Session, 1566, 1571; reelected, Journals of the Senate of Virginia, 2003 Regular Session, 312; retired effective January 1, 2005, Journals of the Senate of Virginia, 2005 Regular Session, 13; designated senior judge in 2005, 44 Va.App., v; date of birth, education, professional career, and other judicial service, The American Bench: Judges of the Nation (Forster-Long, Inc., 2001-2002), 2446; early professional career, vertical file, Virginia State Law Library; retired from senior status, 65 Va.App., iii.